# Mathematics

Math is in everything — from the code in your smartphone to the calculations that explain the very fabric of the universe. At Live Science, we want to show you how amazing numbers can be, whether it’s recognizing __the most beautiful equation__ or marveling in the __golden ratio__.

So if you're after __seriously mind-boggling math facts__, want to know why __the universe would not make sense without mathematics__ or are curious how supercomputers enabled __mathematicians to finally identify a "seemingly impossible" number__, our expert writers and editors are on point with the latest news, features and articles about mathematics.

## Latest about Mathematics

### What is the largest known prime number?

By Charles Q. Choi published

There are infinitely many prime numbers, but the biggest one we know of goes by the name M82589933 and contains more than 24 million digits.

### How long is a second?

By Victoria Atkinson published

The length of a second depends on how you're measuring it.

### The 9 most massive numbers in existence

By Tia Ghose last updated

From the humble trillion to Graham's number, here are some of the most massive numbers ever conceived by humans.

### Math's 'hairy ball theorem' shows why there's always at least one place on Earth where no wind blows

By Jack Murtagh published

Here's what the hairiest problem in math can teach us about wind, antennas and nuclear fusion.

### Scientists uncover hidden math that governs genetic mutations

By Stephanie Pappas published

The ability of a gene to keep functioning despite mutations shows a surprising link to fundamental math.

### Mathematicians finally identify 'seemingly impossible' number after 32 years, thanks to supercomputers

By Harry Baker published

Researchers have calculated the "ninth Dedekind number," which belongs to an exponentially complex series of numbers that define outputs of logical functions based on different spatial dimensions.

### A 79-year-old mathematician may have just solved an infinite dimension puzzle that's vexed theorists for decades

By Nathan Brownlowe published

Mathematician Per Enflo, who solved a huge chunk of the 'invariant subspaces problem' decades ago, may have just finished his work.

### Mathematicians end decades-long quest to find elusive 'vampire einstein' shape

By Paul Sutter published

Researchers have discovered a new 14-sided shape called the Spectre that can be used to tile a surface without ever creating a repeating pattern, ending a decades' long mathematical hunt.

### Newly discovered 'einstein' tile is a 13-sided shape that solves a decades-old math problem

By Paul Sutter published

A new 13-sided shape is the first example of an elusive "einstein" — a single shape that can be tiled infinitely without repeating a pattern.

### High school students may have just discovered an 'impossible' proof to the 2,000-year-old Pythagorean theorem

By Sascha Pare published

Two high school seniors have presented their proof of the Pythagorean theorem using trigonometry — which mathematicians thought to be impossible — at an American Mathematical Society meeting.

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